The Impact of MGAs on Risk Management and Underwriting Practices in India
Insurance InsurTech

The Impact of MGAs on Risk Management and Underwriting Practices in India

By Rajarshi January 16, 2024 - 58 views

Managing general agents (MGAs) do not exist in India as of today, although they may be allowed in the future (the IRDAI is reportedly considering enabling these entities in the insurance industry).

However, there is no denying the impact of MGAs on risk assessment and management in the Indian insurance sector along with potential opportunities for MGAs’ underwriting capabilities. Let us take a closer look at how these entities can streamline these two aspects of the insurance sector.

Underwriting and Risk Management in Indian Insurance- How MGAs Stand Out

The impact of MGAs on risk assessment and management along with underwriting can be gauged through the following aspects.

  • MGAs’ underwriting capabilities come to the fore when it comes to managing new and emerging risks. For instance, there are growing instances of cyber risks worldwide and even the need for transactional liability insurance for smaller transactions. MGAs can help identify newer risks and offer tailored coverage for these speciality lines of business. 
  • Life insurance risk management in India can be completely transformed with MGAs’ specialised underwriting abilities. The model involves specialised brokers or insurance agents underwriting on behalf of insurance companies or other capital providers who have delegated authority. 
  • Specialist underwriting abilities enable insurers to improve their existing efficiencies in underwriting and explore newer risk categories. 
  • MGAs offer proprietary access to various end-consumer risks, enabling insurance companies to develop their business lines when they do not have other viable routes for the same. 
  • Traditional capital from primary insurance players still makes up the majority of the capacity given to MGAs. Yet, alternative capital sources are steadily becoming a key aspect of the process. This is provided by reinsurers or other funds, both of which want to get nearer to primary risks. 
  • There is a positive impact of MGAs on risk assessment and evaluation, especially in a more intricate and rapidly evolving insurance landscape. They help in evaluating and managing risks more accurately due to their superior understanding of niche segments and markets, enabling insurance carriers to identify any potential opportunities and other pitfalls swiftly. This collaboration helps insurance companies build more comprehensive and competitive policies that lower exposure to risks while scaling up overall value. 
  • MGAs have a more specialised focus and can easily streamline and accelerate the process of underwriting. Equipped with technological tools and better concentration on particular business lines, they can swiftly evaluate, process, and relay data without any hassles. Insurance carriers can thus expect quicker turnarounds and lower overheads, along with responding in a more agile way towards market demands. 
  • MGAs are already embracing technology swiftly and this involves deploying AI (artificial intelligence) for risk assessments and also blockchain for transparently managing contracts. MGAs are leading the change in the industry with the rapid adoption of these technologies. They can thus offer reinsurers and carriers cutting-edge solutions that enable higher accuracy and efficiency alike. 

MGAs are also continually updating their knowledge base due to a fast-changing world and evolving risks. From climate change and cyber-security to other emerging risks, MGAs are adaptable and offer specialist underwriting and risk evaluation abilities for insurance carriers or reinsurers.

MGA’s underwriting capabilities come to the fore, focusing on specialist lines and niche markets, enabling more accurate policy pricing and a better balance between rewards and risks.

The surplus from profitable underwriting can be reinvested into technological expansion, research, and expanding markets. MGAs can indirectly spur growth throughout the sector by ensuring higher profitability. They are also skilled at making sure that risks are balanced better throughout the entire spectrum and effectively enable the management of aggregation limits.

They ensure that any single catastrophe or disaster does not lead to a spiralling or domino impact, thereby protecting the financial health of reinsurers and insurance carriers alike. Real-time data is also leveraged by MGAs for gaining more insights and forecasting trends along with making informed decisions.

They also thrive on analysing market trends and data while being positioned ideally to build policies that offer maximum and specialised coverage at comparatively affordable rates.

Hence, through the combination of more profitable underwriting and risk management with an emphasis on specialist knowledge and dynamic market responses, MGAs are perfectly placed to deliver greater value to the Indian insurance industry in the future.


What impact have MGAs had on risk management practices in the Indian insurance industry? 

MGAs have had a major impact on risk management practices in the Indian insurance industry. Some of their plus points include specialist knowledge and focus on business lines which help price policies more competitively and accurately while evaluating risks better from a micro standpoint. At the same time, MGAs are also leveraging technology for risk estimation and management.

How have MGAs influenced underwriting practices in the Indian insurance industry?

MGAs have greatly influenced underwriting practices throughout the Indian insurance sector, making them streamlined and more technology-driven with accurate risk estimation and management. They have specialist knowledge of particular business lines and bring this into play while underwriting policies and enabling quicker turnarounds. 

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